- English Language Arts (1)
The TCPS English Language Arts curriculum for Grade 1 is broken down into six instructional units:
- Friends and Family
- Animals and Habitats
- Our Earth
- Off on an Adventure
- Tell Me a Tale
In each of these units, instruction will integrate all four of the language arts (Speaking/Listening, Language, Reading and Writing) in developmentally appropriate instructional activities to support young children’s learning.
- Students will continue to build on the foundational skills taught in the kindergarten curriculum. In the foundational skills, instruction will focus on:
- recognize the features of a sentence in print
- continued practice with the basic sounds of the alphabet and learning more complex sound/symbol combinations
- fluent recognition of words frequently found in print
- hearing, putting together (for reading) and taking apart (for writing) the sounds in words starting with larger chunks (sentences, words) and move to smaller chunks (syllables, onset/rime, and individual sounds)
- Applying knowledge of letters and sounds to reading words and syllables in text appropriate to emerging readers
- Read text appropriate to emerging readers with good phrasing, rate, accuracy, and expressions (Fluency), including how to self-correct errors
Through read alouds and small group reading with support, students will begin to develop their understanding of how literary and informational texts convey ideas by:
- asking and answering questions about a text
- exploring how illustrations and graphics convey meaning
- retelling key ideas in a text and understanding a central message or lesson
- describing characters, settings, major events and key ideas and information presented in texts
- exploring words used by an author and what they mean
- identifying who is telling a story
- comparing characters’ adventures and experiences across texts
- comparing/contrasting how authors write about the same topic
- identifying main ideas and supporting details authors provide
Students will continue to learn and practice the art of speaking and listening through increasingly sophisticated conversations with their peers to demonstrate understanding. They will also develop their own abilities to share ideas in a way that they can be heard, to use complete sentences when appropriate, to enhance their own presentations with drawings, and to talk about familiar things in detail to convey their own ideas and information.
Students will continue to improve their writing along with their early reading skills. Writing and language instruction will focus on:
- write letters and match those letters to sounds in writing with increasingly more complex sound/symbol patterns and begin to use conventional spellings appropriate to first grade
- the function of basic grammar usage (nouns, verbs, adjectives, conjunctions) in order to produce more complex sentence patterns
- draw/write pieces of their own using developmental spellings
- Express opinions about specific topics with reasons to support and closure
- Share ideas they are learning with others, supply facts to expand the topic, use a sense of closure
- Write stories and poems, recounting appropriately sequenced events and using time signal words and a sense of closure
- Use capital letters for dates and names (proper nouns), end punctuation, and commas
- Use words and phrases discussed in classroom activities in their writing and continue to develop their own oral vocabulary
- Begin to explore precision of language by learning about different words for the same concept and nuances of meaning
- Participate in short, shared research of topics appropriate to first grade
- Mathematics (1)
In Grade 1 Mathematics, instructional time should focus on four critical areas:
- Developing understanding of addition, subtraction, and strategies for addition and subtraction within 20
- Developing understanding of whole number relationships and place value, including grouping in tens and ones
- Developing understanding of linear measurement and measuring lengths as iterating length units
- Reasoning about attributes of, and composing and decomposing geometric shapes
- Science (1)
Students receive two semesters of instruction in the fields of Earth Science, Life Science, Chemistry, Physics, and Environmental Science each year based on objectives found in the Maryland Voluntary State Curriculum. The voluntary state curriculum may be viewed at http://www.mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/science/index.html.
- Recognize that there is a relationship between the sun and the Earth.
- Describe observable changes in water on the surface of the Earth.
- Describe that some events in nature have repeating patterns.
- Observe and gather information from the explorations to describe how magnets affect some objects.
- Describe evidence from investigations that living things are made of parts too small to be seen with the unaided eye.
- Provide evidence that all organisms are made of parts that help them carry out the basic functions of life.
- Explain that there are differences among individuals in any population.
- Recognize that all living things have offspring, usually with two parents involved.
- Recognize that living things are found almost everywhere in the world and that there are somewhat different kinds of living things in different places.
- Describe some of the ways in which animals depend on plants and on each other.
- Identify and describe ways in which heat can be produced.
- Recognize that caring about the environment is an important human activity.
- Social Studies (1)
Students in grade 1 will examine, ”My Family and Me," as they explore their surroundings and using TCPS teacher created units including:
- Communities – Past and Present
- Patriotism – Heroes, Songs and Symbols
Students will also learn about their surroundings through, “Map Essentials”, a National Geographic Publications that encompasses grades K-6.
http://ngsptechnology.com/tabid/585/Default.aspxEl... School Curriculum
- Art (1)
Students in grade 1 art will experience a variety of concepts and skills, as they progress through the MSDE art standards. They will experience a variety of mediums and projects that are grade level appropriate and as designated by the teacher.
MSDE Standards include:
Historical, Cultural and Social Expression
Perceving and Responding
Aesthetics and Criticism
- Health (1)
Health Education is designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills they need to be healthy throughout their lifetimes. Talbot County Public Schools' curriculum meets standards established by the Maryland State Board of Education, and described in the Maryland Health Education State Curriculum. Maryland's curriculum guidelines can be examined on the MSDE website.
The specific First Grade standards can be examined on the Maryland Health Curriculum website.
Health education focuses on seven key areas:
- Mental and Emotional Health
- Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs
- Personal and Consumer Health Family Life and Human Sexuality
- Safety and Injury Prevention
- Nutrition and Fitness
- Disease Prevention and Control
Core Health Textbook:
Health & Wellness by Linda Meeks and Philip Heit. Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, 2008.
- Music (1)
Students in grade 1 will have a music experience that is age and grade level appropriate and that follows the MSDE Music Curriculum. The approved text, for grade 1 instruction, is "Share the Music" (MCGraw Hill Pub.)
MSDE Music standards include:
- Perceiving, Performing and Responding
- Historical, Cultural and Social Context
- Creative Expression and Production
- Aesthetics and Criticism
Resources for classroom instruction are taken from "Share the Music" http://www.mhschool.com/products/music/2003/core_r...
- Physical Education (1)
First Grade Physical Education is based on the Maryland State Department of Education approved curriculum that may be found on the MSDE website. Maryland Curriculum Framework Standards include Skillfulness, Biomechanical Principles, Motor Learning Principles, Exercise Physiology, Physical Activity and Social-Psychological Principles.
Course Key Learning/Exit Outcomes:
- The student will demonstrate five (5) locomotor skills.
- The student will show safe jumping and landing skills.
- The student will identify and demonstrate the critical cues for fundamental movement skills.
- The student will identify examples of nutritious foods.
- The student will demonstrate proper flexibility exercises.
- The student will identify rules for appropriate behavior for physical activity.