- English Language Arts (2)
The TCPS English Language Arts curriculum for Grade 2 is broken down into five instructional units:
- Silly vs. Real
- Family and Community
- Inspirational People
- The Great Outdoors
- Fairy Tales, Fables and Folklore
In each of these units, instruction will integrate all four of the language arts (Speaking/Listening, Language, Reading and Writing) in developmentally appropriate instructional activities to support young children’s learning. Instruction for students in grade two will begin to shift from learning to read to reading to learn.
Students will continue to build on the foundational skills taught in the first grade curriculum. In the foundational skills, instruction will focus on:
- know and apply differences between long and short vowels based on sound/spelling patterns
- reading with ease words with more than one syllable
- learn to read words with meaningful chunks (prefixes and suffixes) and learn how these chunks affect word meaning
- read grade appropriate words quickly and efficiently
- Read text appropriate to emerging readers with good phrasing, rate, accuracy, and expressions (Fluency), including how to self-correct errors
Through read alouds and small group reading with support, students will continue to develop their understanding of how literary and informational texts convey ideas by:
- asking and answering questions about a text
- exploring how illustrations and graphics contribute to and clarify text
- recounting stories, including fables and fairy tales from diverse cultures
- describing characters and how they respond in a story
- exploring words used by an author and what they mean, including how they support rhythm and meaning in stories, poems, and songs
- describe overall story structure
- recognizing different points of view and dialogue between different characters
- comparing different versions of the same tale by different authors or different cultures
- comparing/contrasting how authors write about the same topic
- identify main topic in multiparagraph informational texts, and the topics of the different paragraphs
- recognize and use text features to locate key facts or information in a text
Students will continue to learn and practice the art of speaking and listening through increasingly sophisticated conversations with their peers to demonstrate understanding. They will also develop their own abilities to share ideas in a way that they can be heard, to use complete sentences when appropriate, to enhance their own presentations with drawings, and to talk about familiar things in detail to convey their own ideas and information.
Students will continue to improve their writing along with their early reading skills. Writing and language instruction will focus on:
- Applying increasingly more complex sound/symbol patterns and begin to use conventional spellings appropriate to second grade, while beginning to use resources for correct spellings
- the function of more complex grammar usage (nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, conjunctions) in order to produce more complex sentence patterns
- write pieces of their own using conventional and transitional spellings
- More complex and well organized opinion pieces with introduction, support, linking words, and conclusions
- More complex and well organized informative pieces with introduction, facts to develop key ideas, linking words, and conclusions
- More elaborate and developed stories or poetry
- Use capital letters for more complex proper nouns, punctuation including commas and apostrophes
- use words and phrases discussed in classroom activities in their writing and continue to develop their own oral vocabulary
- using more precise language in writing to convey meaning more purposefully
- participate in short, shared research and writing on topics appropriate to second grade
- Mathematics (2)
In Grade 2 Mathematics, instructional time should focus on four critical areas:
- Extending understanding of base-ten notation
- Building fluency with addition and subtraction
- Using standard units of measure
- Describing and analyzing shapes.
Maryland Common Core Curriculum Frameworks - Mathematics
- Science (2)
Students receive two semesters of instruction in the fields of Earth Science, Life Science, Chemistry, Physics, and Environmental Science each year based on objectives found in the Maryland Voluntary State Curriculum. The voluntary state curriculum may be viewed at http://www.mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/science/index.html.
- Describe and compare properties of a variety of Earth materials.
- Observe and describe changes over time in the properties, location, and motion of celestial objects
- Compare and explain how external features of plants and animals help them survive in different environments.
- Explain that there are identifiable stages in the life cycles (growth, reproduction, and death) of plants and animals
- Explain that organisms can grow and survive in many very different habitats
- Cite evidence from investigations that most things are made of parts.
- Identify and describe structures of objects too small to be seen clearly with the unaided eye.
- Provide evidence from investigations that things can be done to materials to change some of their properties.
- Describe the effect magnets have on a variety of objects.
- Recognize and explain how Earth’s natural resources from the natural environment are used to meet human needs.
- Recognize and describe that the activities of individuals or groups of individuals can affect the environment.
- Social Studies (2)
Students in grade 2 will focus on “Where We Live.” Teachers will follow the MSDE approved social studies curriculum for classroom instruction. Teacher created units will include:
- Community, History and Government
- Native Americans
- Maps and Globes
Students will examine the world around them and discover why people move from place to place. Grade 2 will also use “Map Essentials”, a National Geographic series for map skills that encompasses grades K-6.
- Art (2)
Students in grade 2 art will experience a variety of concepts and skills, as they progress through the MSDE art standards. Classroom projects will focus on color, design and self expression.
MSDE Art Standards include:
- Historical, Cultural and Social Expression
- Perceving and Responding
- Creative Expression
- Aesthetics and Criticism
- Health (2)
Health Education is designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills they need to be healthy throughout their lifetimes. Talbot County Public Schools' curriculum meets standards established by the Maryland State Board of Education, and described in the Maryland Health Education State Curriculum. Maryland's curriculum guidelines can be examined on the MSDE website.
The specific 2nd Grade standards can be examined on the Maryland Health Curriculum website.
Health education focuses on the following key areas:
- Mental and Emotional Health
- Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs
- Personal and Consumer Health Family Life and Human Sexuality
- Safety and Injury Prevention
- Nutrition and Fitness
- Disease Prevention and Control
Core Health Textbook:
Health & Wellness by Linda Meeks and Philip Heit. Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, 2008.
- Music (2)
Students in grade 2 will have a music experience that is age and grade level appropriate and that follows the MSDE Music Curriculum. They will participate in school performances throughout the year. The approved text, for grade 2 instruction, is "Share the Music" (MCGraw Hill Pub.)
MSDE Music standards include:
- Perceiving, Performing and Responding
- Historical, Cultural and Social Context
- Creative Expression and Production
- Aesthetics and Criticism
Resources for classroom instruction are taken from "Share the Music" http://www.mhschool.com/products/music/2003/core_r...
- Physical Education (2)
Second Grade Physical Education is based on the Maryland State Department of Education approved curriculum that may be found on the MSDE website.
Maryland Curriculum Framework Standards include: Skillfulness, Biomechanical Principles, Motor Learning Principles, Exercise Physiology, Physical Activity and Social-Psychological Principles.
Course Key Learning/Exit Outcomes:
- The student will show proficiency in all locomotor skills.
- The student will demonstrate a proper base of support for balance.
- The student will identify and demonstrate the critical cues for a specific skill.
- The student will identify health related fitness components.
- The student will demonstrate activities to improve muscular strength.
- The student will identify components of sportsmanship.