EASTON, MD 21601
ADOPTED: 08/20/03
REVIEWED: 09/17/10
ADOPTED: 09/17/14


  • Board Philosophy

The Talbot County Board of Education is committed to the task of maintaining a drug and alcohol free environment on school property, on school transportation and at all school sponsored activities. The Board is committed to the full and strict enforcement of “Drug Free Zones” as described in Article 27, Section 286D of the Annotated Code of Maryland.

A. Standards of Conduct - Drugs, Illicit Drugs: The manufacture, possession, sale,

distribution, and use of illicit drugs is prohibited by Town, City and County

ordinance, State law and Federal statute by persons of any age. The

unlawful manufacture, possession, distribution, or use of illicit drugs on Talbot

County Public Schools' property or as part of any of its activities by students or

their guests is prohibited.

B. Standards of Conduct - Alcohol: Maryland law declares possession of alcohol

by persons under the age of 21 unlawful. Therefore, possession of alcohol by

students or their guests is prohibited.

The Talbot County Board of Education supports a policy that ensures that students

recognize that alcohol and other drug abuse are both health care issues as well as illegal

acts. This policy stresses the need for

• strong and consistent disciplinary as well as legal action

• supportive efforts for prevention and student assistance

• parent involvement

II. Public Notice

This policy shall be printed in the middle school and secondary school program of studies

and/or student handbook and will be accessible via the Talbot County Public Schools

website (www.talbotschools.org) or by contacting the Board office.


III. Prevention

To further its commitment to educate students to recognize that substance and alcohol

abuse are health care issues as well as illegal acts, the Talbot County Public Schools

supports the following prevention measures:

  • Making the policy on Alcohol and/or Drug Use by Students available to students
  • Providing a curriculum that addresses drug and alcohol as a health issue
  • Providing student services teams and student assistance programs when appropriate
  • Providing school based services which may include, but are not limited to, wellness centers, nurses, social workers and counselors
  • Providing information on available community resources

IV. Violation

  • A. The principal or designated representative will conduct a prompt investigation of the
  • incident.

B. Persons who violate the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Policy of the Talbot County Board

of Education are subject to suspension, expulsion and/or criminal prosecution

consistent with Policy Codes 10.14, 10.22, and 10.23.

V. Definitions

A. Alcoholic Beverages - means alcohol, brandy, whiskey, rum, gin, cordial, beer, ale,

porter, stout, wine, and any other spirituous, vinous, malt or fermented liquor, liquid,

or compound, by whatever name called, which contains, except as provided in

subparagraph (1.) of this paragraph, one-half of one percent or more of alcohol by

volume, which is fit for beverage purposes.

  • Alcoholic beverages does not include a confectionery food product that contains

up to 5 percent of alcohol by volume and is regulated by the Department of

Health and Mental Hygiene under § 210209 of the Health General Article.

B. Drugs - any controlled dangerous substance, drug paraphernalia, controlled

paraphernalia, look-alike drugs, over-the-counter drugs/medications, inhalants,

prescription drugs, or any man made or naturally occurring substance used for the

purpose of altering behaviors, mood, or for changing the brain or nervous system.

C. User - a student who by any means assimilates or consumes or is under the influence

of an alcoholic beverage, any controlled dangerous substance, any look-alike drug,

and over-the-counter drugs/medications in excess of the recommended dosage, or

any prescription drug in excess of the prescribed dosage or prescribed for a person

other than the user.


Possessor - a student who has an alcoholic beverage, drugs, drug paraphernalia, or

controlled paraphernalia as defined in this section on his/her personal property, who

has such substance under his/her control or who has knowingly placed himself/herself

in proximity with a person known to have an alcoholic beverage or drugs on his/her

personal property or under his/her control on school property, at school-sponsored or

related functions, and/or on school buses/coaches.

E. Distributor - a student who participates in the transfer, or an attempted transfer, of an

alcoholic beverage or drugs as defined in this section, to another person with or

without the exchange of money or other valuables or who possesses such a quantity of

a substance for use by others as determined by a law enforcement agency.

F. Extended suspension – The exclusion of a student from the student’s regular school

program for a period between 11 and 45 school days.

G. Expulsion - Means the exclusion of the student from the student’s regular school

program for 45 days or longer.

H. Controlled paraphernalia - as defined by Article 27, Section 287, of the Maryland

Annotated Code, including hypodermic syringes, needles, or other instruments used

to administer controlled substances as well as gelatin capsules, glassine envelopes,

and other packaging or equipment intended to be used in the distribution of controlled


I. Drug paraphernalia - as defined by Article 27, Section 287A of the Maryland

Annotated Code including all equipment, products, and materials of any kind which

are used, intended for use, or designed for use, in planting, propagating, cultivating,

growing, harvesting, manufacturing, compounding, converting, producing,

processing, preparing, testing, analyzing, packaging, repackaging, storing,

containing, concealing, injecting, ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise introducing into

the human body a controlled dangerous substance.

J. Inhalant - any odor, gas, particle, fume or vapor deliberately inhaled for the purpose

of altering behavior, mood, or change the brain or nervous system.

K. Over-the-counter drugs/medication - a drug or medication that may be legally purchased without a prescription, including but not limited to aspirin, cold medication, caffeine pills and diet pills. Over-the-counter drugs/medication do not include Luden or Hall’s type cough drops.


VI. Prohibition

  • The use, actual possession, constructive possession, manufacture, or

distribution of controlled dangerous substances, controlled paraphernalia, drug

paraphernalia, look-alike drugs, unauthorized legal drugs, prescription drugs,

over-the-counter drugs/medications or alcohol by Talbot County Public School

students is strictly prohibited unless the medication is administered consistent

with Policy Code 10.26, , Administering Medicine to Students.

B. The use of over-the-counter drugs/medications or prescription drugs in excess of the recommended or prescribed dosage(s), the deliberate inhaling of odors,

gases, particles, fumes or vapors, unless the medication is administered consistent with Policy, Administering Medicine to Students; or possessing or using another person's prescription drugs is strictly prohibited.

C.No student may distribute any over-the-counter or prescription drug/medication

nor may they distribute a substance to be used as an inhalant

D.The above prohibitions apply on school premises and at school sponsored or

related functions.

  • The Board of Education supports strong and consistent disciplinary measures to

ensure that students recognize that substance and alcohol abuse are both health-

care problems and illegal acts.

F. Violations of drug/alcohol laws will be handled as illegal actions as well as school

disciplinary infractions.

VII. Notification

  • The student’s parent or guardian shall be notified as soon as possible and informed
  • If it is determined by school officials to suspend, expel, or prosecute an individual

of the situation as well as the content of the drug and alcohol policy appropriate to

the situation.

for violation of this policy, a certified letter containing the decision will be mailed

to the parent or guardian. Included in the correspondence will be a list of

rehabilitation resources.


  • Enrollment
  • Detection Dogs

The Board will not enroll in the Talbot County Public Schools any individual who

is under expulsion or suspension from any other public or private school.

The use of drug detection dogs is authorized as one means to maintain a drug and

alcohol free environment. Drug detection dogs are to have no contact with